The End of the Hun's

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل

The End of the Hun's

مُساهمة من طرف lonely wolf في الخميس مارس 20, 2008 6:50 pm

The End of the Hun's
At the beginning of the II. Decade A.D. the Asian Hun's appeared in three different forms: 1- The remnants of the Chi-Chi Hun's at the surroundings of Lak Balkash, 2- The North Hun's (those had moved in 90-91 A.D. from the Baykal-Orhun region) in the surroundings of Chungaria and Barkol, 3- The South Hun's in the south-west of China; The South Hun's who had been pushed towards west by the Mongolian Siyen-pi (H'yen-bi, Hsien-pi) and driven out of their country in 216, after their inner fights again split in two and China who increased pressure captured all their land around 220. Together with this the Asian Hun's, who now were more Chinese-like, had continued their existence until the end of the 5th decade and some people of the race of the Tah-hu had founded some short-term states in different parts of China. Three of them were: Liu Ts'ung, Hia, Pei-liang. The last "state" had also been scattered Tai-Wu the monarch of the Tabgach.


The Founders of the European Hun Empire

Together with the decease of the political Hun life in China, some of the Hun's have, after the fall of the Chi-Chi- power, scattered around and continued their existence particularly in the steppes in the east of Lake Aral. It is estimated that, the other Turkish groups who expanded with the Hun's that came from China in from the 1st until the middle of the 2nd decade increased their power by living a quite live and moved towards west, especially because of climate change. These must be the ones who founded the European Hun Empire.


Agony for the Loss of Lands



The Hun Turks that had established the greatest and the most powerful empire in the period and dominated for centuries had certainly a high civilisation, culture and arts peculiar to them and verbal and written literatures. Numerous documents that are the indicators of the traditions of the Hun arty are exhibited in various museums of the world and particularly in the Ermitage (Ermitaj) Museum in Leningrad. Actually, the most important works pertaining to Huns were found in Pazirik Valley that was located within the environs of Balikgöl in the Eastern Altay region within the borders of today's Russia.

Pazirik: The holy valley where the tombs of Hun celebrities that had lived in the centuries IV and III BC were found. This valley has also provided some examples of Hun arts that survived until nowadays.

The sepulchres that were found in the Pazirik valley (tombs pertaining to the Hun celebrities) pertain to the centuries IV and III BC and they are full of examples and models that reflect the Hun art and the documents that indicate the traditions of Hun people. The number of the sepulchres that were found in the other regions apart from this valley is above 40. Unfortunately, most of these sepulchres were plundered. Actually, the ancient Turks believed that the life would go on in the next world. Therefore, the dead person would be buried together with his/her clothes, the necessary materials, weapons, saddle horse, horse harnesses, and women concubines in order to get use of them. The corpses would be mummified.

Since the sepulchres were under ice, there were some corpses that were found without any decomposition or decay. The wooden and leather materials are abundant. Nearly all of the metallic materials are made of bronze. Additionally, some golden materials were also found.

The sepulchres that were found in the course of the excavations that were carried out intermittently were in the form of mounds or tumulus that were heaped with stones. The main tomb was located within a big room under this tumulus.
It has been understood that the Huns had a literary language peculiar to them that can be considered as the beginning point of the Gok-Turk alphabet. However, the long texts that were written with this alphabet have not been found yet. The verbal literature (epics) were narrated with the Turkish alphabets and language in the following periods.


It has been stated within the Chinese records that the Hun Emperor Mete had written some letters to the Chinese ruler in the century II BC. Similarly, there is a lament (threnody) or song quatrain that was translated from Turkish into Chinese language in the year of 119 BC within the Chinese resources. This quatrain can be considered as the most ancient example of the Turkish literature following the couplet that was found in the tomb of the Golden Dressed Man. The Hun Turks would cry and sing this lament in case that they lost a piece of land in a war that they fought against Chinese people.

We enclose the quatrain of that lament that was translated to Chinese language since it indicated the tragic sorrow that the Hun Turks felt pursuant to any defeat by Chinese people. It is beyond doubt that this quatrain was only the four lines of a long lament that the Hun minstrels would sing in accompaniment with their one-stringed guitars. The Turks would sign this lament pursuant to wars and in the yoğ (mourning) ceremonies and cry with it. The quatrain of this lament that was translated into Chinese and then Turkish language that declared the agony for the loss of lands is as follows:
Yen-çi-şan dağını yetirdik, (We lost Yen-çi-şan Mountain)
Kadınlarımızın güzelliğini aldılar, (They took way the beauty of our women)
Silan-şan yaylalarını yitirdik (We lost Silan-şan plateaux)
Hayvanlarımızın otlağını aldılar. (They took away the pastures of our animals)

lonely wolf
Binbaşı

عدد الرسائل : 1156
العمر : 33
العائلة التركمانية : oğuz Salur
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/03/2008

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة


 
صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:
لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى